Refiq Sabir, was born in Qaladiza in South Kurdistan in 1950. He gained his first degree (BA) in the Kurdish language from the University of Baghdad in 1974. He joined the Kurdish movement in 1978 and his life as a peshmerga became the source of many of his poems. He obtained a PhD in the cultural history of the Kurds from University of Sofia in 1988. He is presently living in exile in Sweden where he has published a complete volume of his poetry. He was one of the new post-Goran generation of modernisers of Kurdish poetry.